Rehabilitation of orthopedic injuries
It is the art and science of providing rehabilitative treatment to patients with health conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system.
Injuries that require orthopedic rehabilitation
Regardless of age, no one is exempt from a traumatic injury. This can be caused by a bad posture, an accident, or by some disease, which leads to the alteration of a muscle, bone, ligament, or joint, causing a lot of painful inflammation and preventing the normal performance of daily activities.
Below, we present the most common injuries and what therapies can help people restore normal movement—taken from Meds (sports medicine).
Most common injuries and orthopedic treatments:
The most common injuries that tend to be treated are those of the hand, wrist, ankle, shoulder, hip, and knee.
When we lose the mobility of a part of our body due to an injury, we must reduce the damage caused and recover the mobility of the affected region as soon as possible so that the patient can resume normal daily activities.
- THE SHOULDER
The joint of the human body is most frequently injured or dislocated (when a bone disengages from its joint). Your injury is usually very obvious and painful.
The treatment of this type of injury aims to reduce the dislocation as quickly and gently as possible, using physiotherapy devices that help reduce relaxation and pain.
Once achieved, the shoulder is immobilized for two to four weeks to avoid all those movements contributing to this type of injury.
- THE HAND OR WRIST
Hand or wrist fractures are more frequent in the elderly, as well as in children and young people, due to falls or traffic accidents on bicycles, motorcycles, or skates.
Depending on the fracture type at this level, an orthopedic and rehabilitation treatment will be applied. This process includes active exercises of the shoulder, elbow, fingers, and other maneuvers to prevent stiffness.
Physiotherapy for the hand is often complicated by its mechanical and functional complexity. In general, rehabilitation will focus on deep tissue massage and heat or cold therapy to restore stability, eliminate pain, and restore mobility.
- THE HIP
One of the most painful fractures is the hip, which usually causes intense pain and affects mobility.
The treatment with orthopedics and rehabilitation will be carried out according to the fracture displacement (intracapsular or extracapsular) and the patient's age only when there is a contraindication for a surgical intervention that implies immobility between 3 and 5 months.
- THE KNEE
Some knee fractures also require orthopedic rehabilitation. It sometimes occurs in adults due to trauma and the elderly due to osteoporosis.
Orthopedic treatment includes using ultrasound in the area and the preventive application of plaster in cases with a slight knee displacement. However, his rehabilitation requires a significant limitation due to the lack of mobilization.
- THE ANKLE AND FOOT
Ankle and foot injuries require complex orthopedic rehabilitation due to their anatomical characteristics and the variety of injuries that can occur in this area.
They can be caused by falls or traffic accidents, and orthopedic treatment may include a cast boot for 6 to 8 weeks.
An excellent orthopedic rehabilitation plan will ensure that patients can return to all their activities quickly after suffering an injury.
At the El Poblado Orthopedics Center, we have the best specialists and subspecialties for each case, and our facilities have the equipment and experienced personnel for your rehabilitation in physiotherapy.
What types of treatments are used?
To treat rehabilitation in traumatology and orthopedics, physiotherapists use different treatments, such as the ones you can find below:
Exercises: The physiotherapist includes in the treatment a series of exercises that will help you increase your strength, mobility, and balance. At first, the physiotherapist will guide you to do them correctly so you can do them regularly at home.
Electrostimulation: This technique involves placing an electrostimulation device in the area of the body to be treated, reducing pain.
Traction: It can be done through manual therapy, removing the pressure from the damaged joints, especially in people with neck pain, lumbar pain, or disc disease.
Soft Tissue Manipulation: This is another form of manual therapy in which manual techniques reduce pain and muscle tension.
How can you get the best results from rehabilitation-oriented physiotherapy in traumatology and orthopedics?
You must work with a physical therapist who feels comfortable and confident. Confidence in your treatment is important. Ask all questions you consider convenient. At Physiotherapy in Ibiza, you can contact us to ask questions. As a result, we establish clear and achievable objectives.
You should always be honest about your pain tolerance and do all the exercises at home. If you are trying to figure out if you are doing anything right, always consult your physiotherapist and attend all your appointments, even if you already feel better.