What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is called the epidemic of the XXI century. Serious complication of osteoporosis - bone fractures of the skeleton.
However, long-term signs of osteoporosis of bones and joints are absent. This makes early diagnosis of the disease and early initiation of therapy difficult.
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a metabolic disease that is characterized by a decrease in the mineral density of bone tissue and a breakdown in its structure. Osteoporosis develops gradually.
The initial stages of the disease go unnoticed. As a rule, diagnosis is established after a fracture of the skeletal bones in older patients.
In osteoporosis, the bone tissue of the human skeleton loses density and becomes brittle.
A person who has this disease can get a fracture of one or more bones, falling from the height of their own height. Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases in the world.
What are the varieties of osteoporosis?
The disease most often affects people of mature and old age. It is known that after 40 years, bone density begins to decline in almost all people, but some factors contribute to the critical acceleration of this process.
Physicians distinguish the following types of disease:
- postmenopausal - affecting women whose body produces insufficient estrogens due to menopause.
- juvenile - affecting children of both sexes between the ages of 8 and 14.
- idiopathic - unknown genesis, symptoms of this type of osteoporosis are characteristic of adult males, but are sometimes found in women.
- senile osteoporosis - developing in the elderly, without distinction as to sex.
What are the causes of osteoporosis?
The main causes of the disease are:
- genetic abnormalities.
- hormonal and endocrine disorders.
- deficiency of vital nutrients and eating disorders.
- inflammatory diseases and blood diseases.
- serious chronic diseases, systemic disorders, addictions.
As a rule, osteoporosis of the spine and other parts of the support apparatus is diagnosed after a fracture, which in this case occurs in a very minor injury.
The most frequently damaged vertebrae (46% of cases), the hip neck (about 20%), and the bones of the forearm or shoulder (up to 15% of cases). The remaining signs of osteoporosis are the result of compression damage to the vertebrae, resulting in:
- decreases in growth;
- weight decreases as the feeling of saturation is quicker during the meal;
- symptoms of reflux disease appear (heartburn, chest pain);
- protrudes forward abdomen;
- regular back and hip pains appear, difficulty in movement;
- the spine shrinks so much that the lower ribs touch the pelvis.
so what we are knowing about osteoporosis?
An important direction in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis is the correction of calcium and vitamin D levels in the body. Calcium is one of the main minerals of bone, and vitamin D regulates metabolism in bone tissue.
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